What is IVF?
IVF stands for in vitro fertilization where in vitro translates to in glass; it is a process in which the egg and the sperm are fertilized outside the body of the female. The process involves monitoring the women’s ovulatory process, extracting an ovum or ova from the ovaries and then letting it fertilize with the sperms at a laboratory. The fertilized egg is then planted back in the women’s uterus.
Am I a candidate for IVF?
A number of factors determine if a patient is suitable for IVF. These are:
- Low sperm counts
- Problems with the uterus or fallopian tubes
- Ovulation disorders
- Sperm unable to penetrate or survive in the cervical mucus
- Other health or unexplained reproductive issues
What are the success rates of IVF?
The success rate of IVF means the percentage of procedures turning into favorable outcomes. It is dependents upon a variety of factors such as the maternal age, cause of infertility, embryo status, reproductive history and lifestyle factors. Maternal age plays a very important role; younger candidates are more likely to get pregnant and women older than 41 years are likely to get pregnant with a donor egg. The success rates of IVF have increased with technological advancement.
What are the complications of IVF?
The complications after an IVF can be multiple births, premature delivery and low birth weight, ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome which leads to swollen and painful ovaries.
Are there any Birth defects in children born using IVF?.
There are no specific birth defects after an IVF delivery; it works similar to an unassisted pregnancy.
What are the dos and don’ts after IVF?
After IVF take a balanced diet, avoid stress and remain calm, take the medicines prescribed by doctor rigorously, avoid rigorous exercise, sexual intercourse, and extreme temperatures. Do not take excessive bed rest but though reduce physical activity.
What are the indications for donor insemination?
Therapeutic donor insemination (TDI) is a sound option for many causes of male infertility:
- Irreversible azoospermia
- Severe oligospermia
- Poor motility and abnormal morphology of sperm.
- Known genetic disorders in the male e.g. Huntington’s disease, hemophilia etc.
- Males with non-correctable ejaculatory dys-function secondary to trauma, surgery or drugs,
- Neurological disease, spinal chord injuries, etc.
- Reproductive option after radiation or chemotherapy.
- Severely Rh-sensitized Rh-negative women with an Rh-positive partner.
Who can donate?
Any normal male in his reproductive age group can donate, before it screening is done and certain medical guidelines are followed.
How do we screen?
Screening is based on scientific and technical guidelines provided by ICMR (Indian Council of Medical Research)
Do we select donors?
Donor selection could be the major one. You may require analyzing the basic information about the donor like physical characteristics, race, ethnic background, educational background, career history, and general health etc. The donor should be free from certain infections like such as syphilis, hepatitis B, cytomegalovirus (CMV), gonorrhea, chlamydia, streptococcal species and trichomonas.
What’s the advantage of being a semen donor?
Almost 40 percent of infertility cases are due to disorders in males which cannot be treated. Donor insemination is the only option of helping these couples realize their dreams of having a family.