Often couples believe that IVF cycle is the only treatment for infertility. However, that is not the case. In this article, we are going to explain the role of IVF in infertility treatment and when should one pursue an IVF cycle.
A Basic history of Infertility & IVF treatment:
Infertility is defined as a condition when there happens the inability to conceive after a year of unprotected intercourse. There are various factors that cause infertility and IVF is positioned today for certain important indications.
Every month the egg is released from the ovary and travels through the Fallopian tube to go into the uterus and there it meets the sperm, resulting in an embryo and pregnancy. If the due to any reason the tubes get blocked or destroyed, then there is no way left for the egg to meet the sperm. Here IVF comes into play.
ICSI in IVF treatment
The process of ICSI has revolutionised the IVF treatment and has made it more accessible to couples where the sperm count is very low. Male infertility is difficulty to treat. In cases where the sperm count is low IVF has opened a new door which was not treatable otherwise.
IVF Treatment for low sperm count
Anyone having a sperm count of less than one million, we recommend IVF to achieve desired results.
IVF treatment for infertility due to polycystic ovarian disease (PCOS)
IVF is usually not the first line of treatment offered as lot of factors come into play. If repeated cycles of ovulation induction have failed or repeated cycles of intrauterine insemination of semen have failed then the patient is suggested the IVF process.
IVF treatment for infertility due to Endometriosis
IVF comes to the rescue as the treatment of endometriosis along with IVF gives better results.
IVF Treatment due to low ovarian reserve or Age
IVF has proved to be helpful in women with low ovarian reserve or who have achieved premature menopause i.e. eggs have depleted at a very early age.
IVF for unexplained Infertility
10-20% of the patients have cases known as unexplained infertility. The reason for not able to conceive is not known. Such patients, who are ovulating, have good sperm count, are not able to achieve pregnancy for reasons unknown. IVF is offered to these patients after an adequate length of treatment by other simpler modalities.
Unexplained infertility is one of the indications for IVF but one has to weigh the balance of effectiveness against cost and adverse effects of different treatments for this group of patients.
It's always recommended to take a second opinion with the experts.