IUI or Intrauterine insemination is a treatment wherein sperms are instilled inside a women’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. IUI is the most common fertility procedure done in our clinic. Sperms are first “washed” before insemination. Washing involves removal of the seminal fluid attached to the sperm and any other chemicals that may affect fertilization. The washed sperms are then inserted during the 12th-15th day of the menstrual cycle.
Usually the sample is collected via ejaculation but it is possible to do it with collection condoms. Most clinics demand the sample to be submitted within half an hour of ejaculation, around the time of liquefaction, this is possible only if one lives close by. In other scenarios it can be done at private settings of the clinic itself.
Statistics show that the odds of success are as low as 6 percent and as high as 26 percent per cycle. The one with low success rates are the ones with one follicle while multiple follicles results in higher success. Another influencing factor is sperm count. Higher sperm counts increases the odds of success; however, there was little difference between success with good-average counts and those with high counts. The overall success rate seems to be between 15-20 percent per cycle.
IUI is generally a painless procedure, some women do face cramping but that is because of the ovulation happening rather than the IUI. The catheter doesn’t feel much as the cervix is already slightly open due to ovulation though a poorly timed IUI can cause discomfort.
Doctor’s normally let patients to lie down for 15-20 minutes but it ain’t necessary because the cervix doesn’t remain open.
Most people don’t need to take it easy after an IUI but if you have cramps it is advised to relax for a while. Most people give up aerobics and weightlifting but that isn’t necessary here, it is more important in IVF as it is an invasive procedure.
The risks with IUI are relatively low as IUI is a simple procedure. If medications are used to induce ovulation, there is a risk of pregnancy with multiple babies. Sometimes the ovaries over-respond to fertility medications and a condition called ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome may result.
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