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Frequently Asked?

There are a number of factors involved in determining if a patient is suitable for IVF treatment.

Appropriate candidates often include couples who may experience:

  • Low sperm counts
  • Endometriosis
  • Problems with the uterus or fallopian tubes
  • Ovulation disorders
  • Sperm unable to penetrate or survive in the cervical mucu
  • Other health or unexplained reproductive issues

The only way to know for sure if in vitro fertilization is right for you is to undergo a complete exam and consultation with Dr. Priti Gupta and the Fertility CARE staff.

In general, patients will seek advice from a fertility doctor after one year of trying unsuccessfully to get pregnant. In particular, women over thirty are encouraged to undergo a fertility treatment evaluation, after six months of attempting to conceive. And it may be beneficial for women over forty to meet with a fertility doctor shortly after deciding to try and have a child.

Yes. Your doctor will recommend that you stick to the basic guidelines below during the IVF process and into your pregnancy.

  • Smoking: It’s recommended that both partners stop smoking at least three months before beginning an IVF cycle, and before ovulation induction begins. The effects of tobacco have been shown to be toxic and harmful to a woman’s eggs.
  • Drinking: Alcohol should be avoided at the outset of IVF treatment, until one’s pregnancy test, and if pregnant, until the birth of the child.
  • Medications: It’s important to inform your doctor if you’re taking any prescription or or over-the-counter medications. Some medicines can interfere with the prescribed fertility medication, or embryo transference, and others may not be safe to take before surgery.
  • Vigorous exercise: Intense physical activities like aerobics, weightlifting and running are prohibited during ovarian stimulation and until the results of one’s pregnancy are known.
  • Supplements: Herbal supplements are completely prohibited during the IVF process.

Once a pregnancy is confirmed, you’ll see your fertility doctor for continued blood testing, and eventually an ultrasound to confirm that the pregnancy is progressing smoothly. Once the fetus’ heartbeat has been verified, you’ll be referred to an obstetrician for the rest of your pregnancy.

This is a very common question asked by couples considering IVF treatment, and the answer depends on several factors. You and your doctor will decide the number of embryos to be implanted into your uterus. If a single embryo is transferred, then it would be impossible to have a multiple pregnancy.

There are many factors that are considered of how many embryos to transfer that includes age and medical history. Though there is no standard number of embryos that are implanted for all patients.

However, in order to offer the highest chance of a safe and successful pregnancy and to minimize the risk of multiple births often few eggs are implanted.

Age is a great interpreter of the number of eggs that you have. With the body’s natural aging process, a woman’s eggs age as well. The older you are, the fewer eggs remain. Your doctor will advice you AMH blood test that will give you an accurate count of remaining egg supply.

Yes. Infertility in the male partner can be due to certain conditions just as the female partner. Male infertility is most commonly caused by factors such as low sperm count or poor sperm quality, a blockage in the male reproductive system.

A semen analysis is the most common procedure to test male fertility and to determine if there is a male infertility factor.

In vitro fertilization (or fertilization; IVF) is a process by which an egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body: in vitro (“in glass”). The process involves monitoring and stimulating a woman’s ovulatory process, removing an ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from the woman’s ovaries and letting sperm fertilise them in a liquid in a laboratory. The fertilised egg (zygote) is cultured for 2–6 days in a growth medium and is then implanted in the same or another woman’s uterus, with the intention of establishing a successful pregnancy.

The first successful birth of a "test tube baby", Louise Brown, occurred in 1978. Louise Brown was born as a result of natural cycle IVF where no stimulation was made. Robert G. Edwards, the physiologist who developed the treatment, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2010.

IVF may be used to overcome female infertility where it is due to problems with the fallopian tubes, making fertilisation in vivo difficult. It can also assist in male infertility, in those cases where there is a defect in sperm quality; in such situations intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may be used, where a sperm cell is injected directly into the egg cell. This is used when sperm has difficulty penetrating the egg, and in these cases the partner’s or a donor’s sperm may be used. ICSI is also used when sperm numbers are very low. When indicated, the use of ICSI has been found to increase the success rates of IVF.

IVF success rates are the percentage of all IVF procedures which result in a favourable outcome. Depending on the type of calculation used, this outcome may represent the number of confirmed pregnancies, called the pregnancy rate, or the number of live births, called the live birth rate. The success rate depends on variable factors such as maternal age, cause of infertility, embryo status, reproductive history and lifestyle factors. Maternal age: Younger candidates of IVF are more likely to get pregnant. Women older than 41 are more likely to get pregnant with a donor egg. Reproductive history: Women who have been previously pregnant are in many cases more successful with IVF treatments then those who have never been pregnant. Due to advances in reproductive technology, IVF success rates are substantially higher today than they were just a few years ago.

The live birth rate is the percentage of all IVF cycles that lead to a live birth. This rate does not include miscarriage or stillbirth and multiple-order births such as twins and triplets are counted as one pregnancy. A 2012 summary compiled by the Society for Reproductive Medicine which reports the average IVF success rates in the United States per age group using non-donor eggs compiled the following data.

The major complication of IVF is the risk of multiple births. A risk of ovarian stimulation is the development of ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome, particularly if hCG is used for inducing final oocyte maturation. This results in swollen, painful ovaries. Ectopic pregnancy may also occur if a fertilised egg develops outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes and requires immediate destruction of the foetus.

The answer is no. There has been a lot of research and no significant birth defects have been seen in children born using IVF compared to normal unassisted pregnancy.

The main potential factors that influence pregnancy (and live birth) rates in IVF have been suggested to be maternal age, duration of infertility or subfertility, bFSH and number of oocytes, all reflecting ovarian function. Optimal woman’s age is 23–39 years at time of treatment. A triple-line endometrium is associated with better IVF outcomes. Biomarkers that affect the pregnancy chances of IVF include:

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