Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a disorder related to ovulatory dysfunction, making it difficult to conceive naturally. It is commonly seen in obese women. In PCOS, multiple follicles appear with minute structures containing more eggs than non-PCOS women. The abnormal hormonal environment does not allow a single egg to develop and mature in time to ovulate. The follicles may tend to grow and get filled with fluid, failing ovulation to occur. Moreover, in some cases, these follicles remain as cysts in the ovaries.
Symptoms of PCOS
PCOS is one of the largest contributors to infertility and subfertility. About 30% of female infertility cases observed today are due to polycystic ovaries, where the majority of these cases fall under the age group of 20-30 years. Therefore, it becomes very important for young women to be aware of their bodies and symptoms.
Irregular menstrual cycle, the insufficient flow of menstrual blood, excessive growth of facial hair, sudden weight gain, the appearance of unusual levels of acne or pimples, etc., are some of the visible symptoms indicating PCOS. Although it is normal for all women to produce androgen-testosterone (male sex hormone) at minimal levels, those with polycystic ovaries disorder tend to produce testosterone in abnormal amounts, thereby causing the above-mentioned symptoms.
Causes of PCOS
While the exact cause of PCOS is unknown, doctors believe that hormonal imbalances and genetics play a crucial role in this regard. Changing lifestyle trends such as late working hours, poor eating habits, lack of sleep and exercise, etc. are somewhat responsible for PCOS, resulting in various medical conditions such as obesity, which in turn causes hormonal imbalance.
Treatment for PCOS
Remember, PCOS is not a disease. It is only a disorder that can be managed. Recognizing the symptoms of PCOS early and working to improve insulin resistance through diet and exercise can help prevent complications from PCOS, including infertility and other complications during pregnancy. To get rid of PCOS, simple treatment at the right time can help manage the disease. However, it can cause serious health problems such as diabetes or heart problems if left untreated. Besides, healthy food habits with adequate exercise can help prevent PCOS and other health problems. Therefore, young girls are advised to avoid starches, complex carbohydrates, and fatty foods.
Medically, treatment for PCOS involves controlling hormonal imbalance and ensuring regular periods. A woman who does not ovulate spontaneously needs ovarian stimulation for fertility desire. Well, medication helps to induce the production of physiological hormones in the body. Moreover, doing routine exercise to keep weight under control is essential if you are obese.
Hence, in today’s world, it is essential for women to control their diet, follow a regular exercise program, and most importantly, never ignore unhealthy symptoms that can cause long-term problems. Facing fertility issues or going through any unknown disorder that leads to infertility? Visit the First Step IVF in Delhi and get rid of your fertility problem.
It's always recommended to take a second opinion with the experts.