In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is one of the treatment options for infertile couples to help them conceive a child. It involves collecting eggs from a fertile woman and fertilizing them with sperms in a laboratory and then transferring the resulting embryo to the woman’s uterus.
Today, due to the advancement in the IVF procedures and equipment, the pregnancy success rate has increased. Multiple IVF processes are not required and birth defects have been reduced.
IVF is not a procedure for all infertility patients. It is used if there is no other effective treatment that can help the couple to conceive. IVF therapy is reserved for patients with: Fallopian tube blocks, damages or removal which prevent the egg and the sperm from meeting for fertilization.
Severe endometriosis: Out-of-place endometrial tissues may be the cause of infertility or recurrent pregnancy failure. Severe cases of endometriosis may require In-vitro fertilization for the couple to conceive.
Age-related infertility: If the woman cannot produce eggs because of her age, IVF may be the only way for her to have a child.
Genetic disorders: IVF may be used for patients with genetic disorders such as Thalassemia and Cystic Fibrosis which may be easily transferred to the child.
Male infertility: Infertility in males may be caused by low sperm count, uncharacteristic morphology,failure of the sperms to pass through the cervical mucous or if the sperms need to be surgically extracted from the testicles. If the male partner is infertile in a couple, IVF may be necessary.
IVF treatment is a delicate procedure which requires professional care. In summary, In-Vitro Fertilization is a procedure for infertile couples who cannot conceive through any other means due to some severe disorders in their reproductive system.
It's always recommended to take a second opinion with the experts.